Our bones are living tissue made up of cells, proteins minerals and vitamins. Bones have many functions including providing structural support for the body and protection of vital organs. Bones also accommodate the bone marrow and serve as a storage area for minerals. Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease of the bones that disrupts the vital functions they serve.
Our bodies are constantly in the process of bone-building and bone-breakdown. When this process is imbalanced or even terminated, bones become weak. Depending on the amount of bone loss, a person can develop osteopenia or worse, osteoporosis.
Diagnosis of Real Causes & Treatment of Osteoporosis
- Gradual restoration of cellular function
- Personalized therapeutic protocols, without chemical residues and excipients
- Treating the real causes
- Therapeutic formulas that work alone or in combination with any other medication
- Adopting a Molecular / Therapeutic Nutrition Plan
Types & symptoms of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is often referred to as “the silent disease”. Most people are not aware they have osteopenia or osteoporosis until an accident occurs and they – effortlessly- break a bone. Bone loss occurs gradually, with no symptoms and in most cases without pain that could indicate a person is developing osteoporosis.
The types of osteoporosis are summarized as follows:
- Primary Osteoporosis, which contains
- Postmenopausal Osteoporosis – Premature Menopause
- Aging Osteoporosis
- Idiopathic Osteoporosis at a young age
- Secondary Osteoporosis, which develops as a result of a pre-existing disease, such as: Diabetes mellitus, Hyperparathyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s disease, Hypogonadism, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Absorption Syndrome, Multiple Myeloma, Sickle cell anemia. It can be also caused by a condition, such as prolonged physical immobilization of the patient and finally, Secondary Osteoporosis may occur after administration of certain corticosteroids or thyroid hormones during the treatment of hypothyroidism, etc.
We understand, therefore, that disorders, deficiencies and imbalances in Hormone levels cause among other things, osteoporosis.
Pathophysiology of Osteoporosis
The bone remodeling process consists of two key cells, osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Osteoblasts build bone and aid increase of bone mineralization. Osteoclasts break down bone tissue. These cells act in synergy to balance the bone building process and effectively remodel healthier and stronger bone tissue. As we age, the rate of bone resorption is greater than the rate of bone formation and this results in weaker bones.
Women are more likely to suffer from osteopenia or osteoporosis because reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone, can affect bone mass. When estrogen and progesterone levels decline, her bones begin to age very quickly. This association of Hormones and Osteoporosis has been known since 1941. Regardless of the woman’s age, as soon as she is menopausal, she develops osteopenia which gradually results in Osteoporosis. As years go by, the intensity of the problem increases.
Estrogen also controls the osteoclastic activity. Osteoclasts are bone cells, which decompose the old, aged bone. Progesterone, on the other hand, controls the osteoblastic activity. Osteoblasts are bone cells that synthesize new bone. In the case of bone tissue, progesterone forms new bone, while estrogen disassembles the bone tissue, in order to facilitate the bone remodeling process each month, along to the menstrual cycle.
Epidemiology of Osteoporosis
Currently affecting more than 10 million people in the US, osteoporosis is estimated to impact approximately 14 million adults over the age of 50 by the year 2023.
- Osteoporosis affects women 8 times more often than men.
- One in two women, over the age of 50 will suffer at least once in her lifetime from bone fracture due to osteoporosis.
- Osteoporosis affects 200 million women worldwide each year.
- In menopausal women, aged 40 to 60, fractures increase by 10 times, something that doesn’t happen to men.