Metabolism is the set of biochemical reactions that take place in the cells of the human body and aim towards the sustenance of the cells and the human organism. Our metabolism has three main goals:
- the conversion of food to energy required for all the cellular processes
- the conversion of food to “building bricks” required for the synthesis of proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and carbohydrates
- handling of metabolic waste.
Metabolic reactions can be characterized as anabolic (consumption of energy) or catabolic (release of energy). Disorders in these reactions can lead to the onset of Metabolic Diseases.